Andria is a city and comune in Apulia (southern Italy).It is an agricultural and service center, producing wine, olives and almonds.It is the fourth-largest municipality in the Apulia region (behind Bari, Taranto, and Foggia) and the largest municipality of the newly-established Province of Barletta-Andria-Trani effective as of June 2009.Different theories exist about the origins of Andria.In 915 it is mentioned as a "casale" ("hamlet") depending from Trani; it acquired the status of city around 1046, when the Norman count Peter enlarged and fortified the settlements in the area (including also Barletta, Corato and Bisceglie).In 14th century, under the Angevins, Andria became seat of a Duchy. In 1350 it was besieged by German and Lombard mercenaries of the Hungarian army, and in 1370 by the troops of Queen Joan I of Naples.In 1431 the ruler of Andria Francesco II Del Balzo found the mortal remains of Saint Richard of Andria, the current patron saint, and instituted the Fair of Andria (23–30 April).In 1487 the city was acquired by the Aragonese, the Duchy passing to the future King Frederick IV of Naples.Later (1552), it was sold by the Spanish to Fabrizio Carafa, for the sum of 100,000 ducats.The Carafas ruled the city until 1799, when the French troops captured it after a long siege. After the Bourbon restoration Andria was a protagonist of the Risorgimento and after the unification of Italy the brigandage era.
The city is located in the area of the Murgia and dists 10 km (6.21 mi) from Barletta and the Adriatic coast. Its municipality, the 16th per area in Italy, borders with Barletta, Canosa di Puglia, Corato (BA), Minervino Murge, Ruvo di Puglia (BA), Spinazzola and Trani.Andria was a favorite residence of Emperor Frederick II, who built nearby the imposing 13th century Castel del Monte, one of the most famous Italian castles that was named a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1996.The church of Sant Agostino, built in the 13th century by the Teutonic Knights who originally dedicated it to one of their patrons, Saint Leonard. The church was later handed over to the Benedictines and rebuilt by the Augustinians after the sieges of 1350. The main points of interests are the Gothic-style gates with precious reliefs and crests of the Del Balzo and Anjou families, as well as the Teutonic eagles.The Sanctuary of Santa Maria dei Miracoli (16th century), 2 km from Andria, housing a venerated Byzantine icon from the 9th-10th centuries.The basilica is on three different levels.The lower and most ancient comprises a hall with a nave and two aisles with decoration showing stories from Genesis.The middle level (Tempietto) has three arcades in polychrome marbles and is home to the Byzantine icon.The upper level the 18th century basilica designed by Cosimo Fanzago is preceded by another church dedicated to the Holy Crucifix and decorated with frescoes depicting the Passion of Christ.
How to Reach
The nearest airport is that of Bari, 45 km away.
Railways are managed by the Ferrovie del Nord Barese (Ferrotramviaria Spa), with the Bari-Barletta line.The nearest Trenitalia-FS (Italian national railroads) station is that of Barletta, 10 km from Andria.
Andria is connected by the A14 National Motorway, and the SP 231 provincial road connecting it to Bari and Foggia.
The city of Andria is served by buses that connect the capillary area of the town.The urban service is guaranteed by the Urban Bus Service Company ASA.
The service allows you to rent a bike sharing automatically, through the use of a card, a bike and be able to park in one of 12 positions (Viale Gramsci, Piazza Sharpshooters, Cemetery Avenue, Piazza Umberto I, Via Vittor Pisani, Piazza S. Maria Vetere, Via Verdi, Via Barletta, Murri Square, Avenue Dalmatia, Piazza Marconi, Viale Roma).
Key places to visit
Castel del Monte,Diocesan Museum,Church of San Domenico,Sanctuary of Santa Maria dei Miracoli,International Festival Castel dei Mondi
Places to Visit
Castel del Monte
is an edifice of the thirteenth century, built by Emperor Frederick II in Apulia in the village of the same name of the town of Andria near Santa Maria del Monte to 18 km from the city.It is situated on a hill in the chain of Murge West 540 meters above sea level.It has been listed as national monuments Italians in 1936 and that of the World Heritage of the UNESCO in 1996.The birth of the building is placed officially on 29 January 1240 when Frederick II Hohenstaufen orders from Richard Montefuscolo, Executioner of the captains who are ready and all necessary materials for the construction of a castle near the church of Sancta Maria de Monte (now lost).This date however is not accepted by all scholars according to some, in fact, the construction of the castle at that date had already reached the roof.The sight of this quaint castle probably will not be a novelty even for the less prone to sightseeing, as early as May 2 1977 a stamp of 200 pounds he carried a perspective view. We find it again this time in the issue of ordinary series depicted in the value of 20 pounds issued on 22 September 1980.
is housed in the premises of the seventeenth-century Bishop's Palace in Andria in the province of Barletta-Andria-Trani.On display are materials from the Cathedral and other churches of the city, relics of the history of the cathedral, vestments, church ornaments, silver eighteenth century, paintings from 400 to 600, jewelry, statues wood for a crib ( fifteenth century ), a Crucifix wooden fourteenth century a icon Byzantine Madonna and Child ( 1275 approximately), the bust of Francis II of Dodge by Francesco Laurana ( fifteenth century ), an altar Portable 1200 three panels painted Vivarini Antonio, representing respectively S . Clare, St. Augustine and St.Bernard and two paintings by Tuccio D Andria ( fifteenth century ) depicting the Madonna and Christ blessing.
Church of San Domenico
is a Church of Andria in the province of Barletta-Andria-Trani.The church and the adjoining monastery -style Gothic were built in 1398 from Swabian woman Orsini, widow of the Duke of Andria Francis I Of Dodge.The church was dedicated to Our Lady of Humility and was entrusted to the care of the Dominican fathers.The convent was born following the donation of a garden of the Dominican woman Sveva Orsini.In 1510 the church was built the portal-style renaissance.In 1769 the tower was completed style stone Baroque.In 1809 the monastery was used as a prison.
Sanctuary of Santa Maria dei Miracoli
2 km from Andria, housing a venerated Byzantine icon from the 9th-10th centuries.The basilica is on three different levels.The lower and most ancient comprises a hall with a nave and two aisles with decoration showing stories from Genesis.The middle level (Tempietto) has three arcades in polychrome marbles and is home to the Byzantine icon.The upper level, the 18th century basilica designed by Cosimo Fanzago is preceded by another church dedicated to the Holy Crucifix and decorated with frescoes depicting the Passion of Christ.
International Festival Castel dei Mondi
It is an international festival that presents a preview in July and is dedicated to the theater.For more than a week at the home of Frederic Castel del Monte and the various monuments and squares of the old town of Andria you can watch shows of all types and at the same time between them.