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Asenovgrad is a town in central southern Bulgaria, part of Plovdiv Province.Asenovgrad was founded by the Thracians as Stenímachos around 300–400 BC.In 72 BC the city was captured by the troops of the Roman Empire as part of the Roman expansion towards the Black Sea.After a long period of peace, the town was destroyed by the Goths in 251, but rebuilt later.In 395 the Roman Empire was divided into two parts and the city fell under Byzantine control.Afterwards, the Slavic tribes flooded the region (until around 700 AD) and became the majority of the population.During this time the city was known by its Thracian name Stenímachos.During the wars between the Bulgarian Empire and the Byzantine Empire, the city became a major military stronghold for the Bulgarian rulers.Due to aggravation of the relationships with the Latin Empire, in 1230 Bulgarian Tsar Ivan Asen II strengthened the local fortress Stanimaha and for this reason the city was named after him in 1934 (literally city of Asen).After Bulgaria was occupied by the Ottoman Empire, Roma and Turks settled in Stanimaha, who nowadays make up 15% of the municipality of Asenovgrad's population (Asenovgrad, in addition to 29 villages), the rest 75% being ethnic Bulgarians and 5% – unknown and others.Tane Nikolov, a well known revolutionary and leader of the Macedonian Struggle, spent his last years in Asenovgrad and died here in 1947.The city is a destination for religious and cultural tourism. Its main attractions are the monasteries St. Petka and Arapov's monastery and St. Kirik. Around the city there are 5 monasteries, 15 churches and 58 chapels (for which the city earned the nickname "The Little Jerusalem") also there are historical, ethnographic and paleontological museums and 2 kilometers from the town is Asen's Fortress.
Outside of the town is the 40 Springs hunting and fishing resort.The climate is very pleasant during the winter and cool in the summer, which made the city and its surroundings very attractive for tourism.The southeast portions of the city are noted for tourist destinations and their urban development, including Parakolovo and the 40 Springs complex.In the late twentieth century the town was known for one of the first Bulgarian discos, Jumbare with 600 seats and a round dancing floor, it was completed in 1977 and was located in the Asenovec hotel complex, which is full recovering, but the disco no longer exists.The paleontological museum in the city is affiliated with the National Museum of Natural History in Bulgaria.It was founded in 1990 and has one of the largest paleontological collections in country.Among the exhibits there are saber-toothed tiger, tiger metailurus, deinotherium, bear – indarctos and others.The southern part of the town is known for its distilleries.Asenovgrad's wines are appreciated all over the country.The town is famous for its numerous shops for wedding dresses and many Bulgarians come here in order to prepare for their wedding ceremonies.Due to its specific geographical location the denizens of the town enjoy a breeze called вечерник (literally "night wind").
The closest major airport to Asenovgrad, Bulgaria is Plovdiv Airport (PDV / LBPD).This airport is in Plovdiv, Bulgaria and is about 6 km from the center of Asenovgrad, Bulgaria.
From the railway station trains run only to the village Krumovo and Plovdiv.There are trains to Asenovgrad roughly every hour (30 minutes).Reasonably frequent buses to Smolyan stop at Bachkovo (less than one hour).
In recent years a trend of urbanization of areas around highway Asenovgrad - Plovdiv.Looking ahead is expected within the next 10 years Asenovgrad Plovdiv and coalesce into one big economic agglomeration.For the construction and operation of this agglomeration efforts are needed by the municipality of Asenovgrad Municipality Puppet and Plovdiv Municipality for the construction of 6 lane road between Plovdiv and Asenovgrad.
The main (Yug) bus station is conveniently opposite the train station.Some northbound buses leave from a station north of the Maritsa river, and buses to the Rhodope Mountains leave from the Rhodope station, just south of the railway (look for the large Billa supermarket).
is located in Mount Rhodope and is associated with two-kilometer long road through Asenovgrad.The castle has existed since the time of the Thracians and in the Middle Ages its position is strategic.The fortress was named after King Ivan Asen II.Church "Holy Virgin of Petrich" is the only fully preserved building in the fortress.In 1991 after completion of the overall restoration of the church, she begins to function as an Orthodox church.The castle is one hundred tourist sites and is open year round for visitors.Everyday tens asenovgradchani and tourists make the transition to the rock.The fortress existed until 1410, was destroyed by invading Ottoman forces.Hardness is one hundred tourist sites.Declared a national monument.It is open year round for visits, has a seal.
Museum palaeontological Asenovgrad
Palaeontological Museum in the city branch of the National Museum of Natural History, was founded in 1990 and boasts one of the richest paleontological collections in Bulgaria.Among the exhibits are the remains of saber-toothed tiger, tiger metailurus and dinoteriy.The museum's collection includes over 400 stuffed mammals, over 1,200 species of birds, hundreds of thousands of insects and other invertebrata, as well as samples of about one quarter of the world's mineral species.Today's National Museum of Natural History was founded in 1889 as the Natural History Museum of Knyaz Ferdinand of Bulgaria, with various foreign and Bulgarian specialists (e.g. Ivan Buresh, director from 1913 to 1947) being its directors until 1947, when the museum became part of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Zoological Institute.The museum became autonomous as a separate institute in the BAS system in 1974.In 1992, the Asenovgrad Palaeontology Museum, an NMNH branch in Asenovgrad, was formed.
Asenovgrad festive week
Like every city in Bulgaria every year is celebrated in Asenovgrad city holiday.The historic tradition of the city, however, no fixed due date, usually taken to date around May 27, but cultural events continue all week.It is assumed that this be done in the last week of May as the holidays run from Monday to Sunday, usually culminating in the Sabbath.May holidays the city show progress and progress in asenovgradchani combination of cultural and folk traditions of life and mentality of stanimaklii, to conduct numerous secular and cultural events, concerts, exhibitions, lectures, seminars, cycling march, many meetings and sporting events.The holidays represent the legacy of Academician Nikolai Haitov : "To keep the memory of Asenovgrad, as a key to our future."
St. Constantine and Elena
The city has a chapel "St. Konstantin and Elena", built in 1821, the According to the belief of that day, St. Constantine and Helena can restore the speech of children who can not speak or stutter.Of all children having this problem, the priest gives holy water to drink, which he places a special key that "unlocks speech." The key must have stayed overnight in water.When the child came into the chapel, it should unlock the door to the woman in the chapel, she immersed in holy water and puts it in her mouth as a child imitates "unlock".
St. Trifon's Day
This is one of the biggest holidays of the city, also widely known in Bulgaria.Visitors gather in the chapel "St. Trifon's Day", where he leads a festive program has stalls and loud music.Great spectacle pehlivanskite struggles are taking place every year on this holiday.Winner earns them a ram or ram.This holiday marks the end of winter and beginning the transition to spring.
January - May
October - December
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