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Cajamarca is located in the northern highlands of Peru and is the capital of the Cajamarca region.It is approximately 2,700 m (8,900 ft) above sea level and has a population of about 217,000 people.Cajamarca has an equatorial climate so it is mild, dry and sunny which creates very fertile soil.The city is well-known for its cheeses and dairy products.Cajamarca is also known for its churches and hot springs or Inca Baths.There are also several active mining sites in surrounding areas.Most of all Peruvians remember Cajamarca as the place where the Inca Empire came to an end the Battle of Cajamarca and the capture, abuse and murder of the Incan emperor Atahualpa took place here.The origin of the city goes back over 2000 years.Traces of pre-Chavin cultures can be seen in surrounding archaeological sites such as Cumbe Mayo and Kuntur Wasi.During the period between 1463 and 1471, Tupac Inca conquered the area and brought Cajamarca into the Tawantinsuyu or Inca Empire, which at the time was still being ruled by Tupac's father Pachacuti.In 1986 the Organization of American States declared Cajamarca a Historical and Cultural Heritage of the Americas.
Cajamarca is served by Mayor General FAP Armando Airport Revoredo Iglesias is 3 km of fencing in the city has a modern track with daily flights companies: Lc Busre, Star Peru, Lan Peru.
Cajamarca is located 872 km north of Lima Metropolitana is reached by a branch of penetration of the Panamerican Highway North and then open up for The Hawk just over 3000 m.There are other land routes for example: Bambamarca road to the north, the road to Banos del Inca - Encanada - Celendin to the east, the road to San Marcos - Cajabamba - Huamachuco the south.
Cajamarca is also serviced by major bus lines, like Transportes Linea and Cruz del Sur.
A railway to connect mines in the region to a Pacific Ocean port is proposed.
Main Square of Cajamarca
The main square of Cajamarca is one of the most beautiful and important part of Peru, was the scene of the fall of the Inca Empire because in this place their pass one of the fact that marked the history of Peru was executed the Inca Atahualpa by the Spanish now stands in the same place a carved stone basin of the eighteenth century.It is located in the historical center of Cajamarca.All around are the Cathedral, the Church of San Francisco, the City and beautiful mansions of colonial buildings which make it a city with strong Spanish influence and one of the largest in the country.
Santa Catalina Cathedral
Mother Church also called Santa Catalina.It was the Royal Decree of 26 December 1665 ordered to establish a Spanish parish in this city and they built in the old House of Justice.In 1682 the church of Santa Catalina would be elevated to the status of cathedral.Looks a beautiful facade of carved stone of volcanic origin for the art Plateresque.Harmoniously combining columns, cornices and niches, all finely carved is one of the most prominent Peruvian Baroque style.
San Francisco Church
Initially called "San Antonio".This church of the Franciscan order is one of the earliest temples built by the Spanish and is located across from the Plaza de Armas.Built in 1699 with carved stones and rocks of Cerro Santa Apolonia.His style is baroque and beautiful Plateresque facade of carved stone.It stands inside the altars with beautiful pictures.In 1952 discovered under the altar, catacombs where lay the remains of members of the Franciscan order and the Indian nobility.
Built in the eighteenth century, is located one block from the Plaza de Armas.It is the temple of the most beautiful baroque city and perhaps the entire country is characterized by its beautiful facade carefully carved stone arches, its columns, arches, statues and unfinished towers.It stands inside its dome carved polychrome and carved in stone throughout.Ensemble that includes the church, the Medical Museum (former Hospital of Men) and Archaeological and Ethnographic Museum (former Women's Hospital), located on either side of the temple, in his time were the only hospitals in the area until the construction of the Hospital Regional in the 40's.Today is the whole local branch of the National Institute of Culture in Cajamarca (INC).
San Ramon Heroes Stadium
is a stadium of football, located in the city of Cajamarca in the area of the Andes in the north, in Peru.The name comes from the Battle of San Pablo, where 3 San Ramon high school students of Cajamarca offered their lives on behalf of his country, during the Pacific War, in which the Peruvian army defeated Chile.This stadium is in refractions by the Peruvian Sports Institute, with support from the region.
Banos del Inca
is a Hot springs resort located 6 kilometers from the capital with temperatures reaching to 79°C.For the comfort of your establishments and healing property of their sources are considered the most important of the continent both by the goodness of its waters as representing the historical background as there She cleansed and relaxed both Pachacutec in its path conqueror as Tupac Yupanqui and his sons Huascar and Atahualpa, the latter being the host of Francisco Pizarro when Cajamarca was conquered in 1532.It also features a large artificial lake where you can see the breeding and trout fishing has been adapted and raised for human consumption.
The Carnival of Cajamarca is one of the biggest festivals and most important carnival held in Peru.The patrols, Comparsas always highlights the Clone, a character covered with a huge cone-shaped hat, loose clothing and a mask made striking and based on finely woven wire.All of them followers of non Carnavalon are regular characters on the streets during Carnival.Clones are those who lead not to Carnavalon together on a Saturday in February the great deer typical Monday.
December - March
May - September
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