Dalian lies at the southernmost tip of the Liaodong peninsula. It is linked with Shenyang by rail and a expressway, with Shanghai by regular service ships, and with Beijing and Hong Kong by regular flights taking one and three and a half hours respectively.
Dalian, previously known as Lüda (a contraction formed from Lüshun and Dalian), boasts one of the largest trading ports in China. It has shipyards, engineering and rolling-stock works, as well as steel, chemicals, petro-chemicals, cement, textiles and canned foods.
Dalian is famed for its apples, which the Chinese prefer to any other fruit, and because of its mild climate and many sandy beaches it has become one of the most popular summer holiday resorts in northern China.
It is uncertain when the town was founded. All that is known is that after 108 BC, when Emperor Han Wudi opened a shipping line between the Liaodong and Shandong peninsulas, it expanded considerably. In the late 19th C. the Manchurian government set up a naval base in Dalian which gave it a further economic boost. From 1894 onwards the town was under Russian control, and was expanded and docks built. In 1905 the Japanese took it over, and it was returned to the Soviet Union in 1945. Since 1949 it has grown in importance as an industrial town. In 1976 a large oil-harbor was built.
How to Reach
Located about 10km (6 miles) northwest of the city, Dalian Zhoushuizi International Airport serves as an important transportation hub in the Bohai area. It is about 10km (6 miles) from Dalian Railway Station, 5km (3 miles) from the Shenyang-Dalian Freeway and 35km (22 miles) from Lushun.
Thirty international routes connect Dalian to over 30 cities in 14 countries including Vladivostok, Hiroshima, Irkutsk, Osaka, Sendai, Tokyo, Frankfurt, Munich, London, Delhi, Los Angeles, Vancouver, Fukuoka, Khabarovsk, Nagoya, Dubai, Seoul, Toyama, Singapore, Kuala Lumpur, Paris, Phuket and Sydney. There are regular charter service between Dalian and regions in Southeast Asia, Europe, American and Russia.
As the terminus of the Harbin-Dalian Railway (Ha Da Railway), Dalian is well connected to the networks that crfiss-cross the northern and eastern parts of China. Trains from the city can reach all cities in Dongbei (northeastern China) area and Beijing, Shanghai and Hankou.
The high speed air-conditioned Tourist Specials running between Dalian and Beijing, Shenyang, Harbin and Changchun make excursions convenient. From Shenyang to Dalian there are two express trains - Liaoning-Shenyang Evening Express and Jinshitan Express.
As a northern Chinese port, and the third largest in China, Dalian has a well developed water transport network.
The Passenger Port is located at the northern end of Wuwu Lu in the eastern end of the Liaodong Peninsular. A shuttle bus is available which take passengers from the Waiting Hall to the docks. We suggest you arrive at the passenger port at least half an hour before your scheduled departure time.
Scheduled passenger ships leave for Yantai, Weihai, Tianjin, Penglai and Qinhuangdao. Passenger ships depart for Changhai County daily. Ships also sail for Incheon, Korea every Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday.
Another good thing about arriving by ship is that some the passenger ships can transport private cars so that you can drive your own car in the city of Dalian.
The city is situated at the tip of the Liaodong Peninsular and has two main highways that extend northeastward to cover the peninsular. One is the Shenyang-Dalian Speedway, which connects the city to Shenyang, the provincial capital city of Liaoning, and runs parallel to the 202 national highway. The other is the Yellow Sea Speedway, starting from Dalian running along the coast to Dandong, another important city, next to the 201 national highway. This makes the connections between Dalian and the other four major cities, namely Shenyang, Liaoyang, Dandong, Qinhuangdao, very convenient.
Key places to visit
Tiger Beach Park, Natural History Museum, Xinghai Gongyuan Park,Modern Satellite Town,Port Arthur
Places to Visit
Tiger Beach Park
Covered in lush vegetation, this park is situated on a rocky promontory in the southeast of the town. Against the skyline are silhouetted pretty pavilions in the classical Chinese style, their roofs covered in multi-colored enameled tiles. The name of the beach is based on the legend that this region was once ravaged by a wild tiger which was then slain by a young man called Shi Cao.
Two hills nearby serve to remind us of this legend: one is called Hill of the Cleft Tiger's Head (Bania Ling), the other Hill of Shi Cao (Shi Cao Ling).
Natural History Museum
The Natural History Museum, to the north of the railroad station, exhibits mammals and marine creatures, plants and minerals. There is also the opportunity to visit a glassworks.
Xinghai Gongyuan Park
Covering some 15ha/37.5acres), Xinghai Gongyuan Park lies in the southwest of the town with the sea on three sides. There are facilities for bathing.
Modern Satellite Town
This curious architectural conglomeration is to be found on the coast, in the northeast of the industrial area of Dalian. Covering 10.5ha/26.25acres, the suburb is divided into six different quarters designated A, B, C, D, E and F. The buildings in quarters A and B are typically Chinese, while those in B reflect West European styles and those of C that of Asia Minor. Quarter D is dominated by numerous skyscrapers, while E is a mix of western and eastern tastes in dwellings. In quarter F skyscrapers alternate with smaller houses.
The port of Lushun, known to the western world by its earlier name of Port Arthur, lies some 60km/37mi southwest of Dalian at the southern tip of the Liaodong peninsula. On its north and east sides it opens out into a bay on the Yellow Sea; the bay is always free of ice and is surrounded by a line of rocky hills at least 5km/3mi long and more than 200m/660ft high. Well-protected, and accessible from the sea only via a waterway some 350m/1050ft wide, the harbor is still an important naval base and therefore public access is restricted.
Right Time to Visit
May - September
July - August -> 23(°C) - Summer December - January -> 1(°C) - Spring