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Enschede also known as Eanske in the local dialect of Twents, is a municipality and a city in the eastern Netherlands in the province of Overijssel and in the Twente region.The municipality of Enschede consisted of the city of Enschede until 1935, when the rural municipality of Lonneker, which completely surrounded the city, was annexed after the rapid industrial expansion of Enschede which began in the 1860s and involved the building of railways and the digging of the Twentekanaal.The early history of Enschede is largely unknown, but a settlement existed around the Old Marketplace in early medieval times.The name of this settlement is mentioned as Anescede or Enscede meaning either "near the border" (with Bentheim) or "near the Es" and sported a church, a marketplace and a fortified aristocratic house.Enschede was granted city rights around 1300 which were confirmed in 1325 by Bishop Jan III van Diest and henceforth was allowed to protect itself with a wall. Because a stone wall was too expensive (since stone had to be imported), Enschede had a system of ditches, palisades and hedges instead, which is still reflected in the street-names Noorderhagen and Zuiderhagen (North Hedge and South Hedge, respectively).The city plan of this era is still recognisable in the street-pattern.Because the medieval city was largely built of wood and stone houses were the exception, fire was a constant risk and a series of fires in 1517, 1750 and again on 7 May 1862 earned the people from Enschede the nickname Brandstichters (arsonists).The last fire coincided with the start of the growth of the city into a large production center of textiles, originally as a cottage industry, but since the start of the 19th century on an industrial scale, especially the manufacture of bombazijn (a mixture of cotton and linen) proved an export hit. One such factory to have produced textiles in the late 19th century is the Hardick & Seckel Factory.
The city is a former centre of textile production.When this industry left the area for cheaper production centers in South-East Asia, Enschede became one of the poorest municipalities in the Netherlands.The biggest challenge of the city is to prevent higher educated (wealthy) citizens from moving to the west (Randstad).Decades of renovation work in the city center have been carried out with the goal of making Enschede more attractive to this group.Modern shopping centers and department stores that until recently were only found in much larger cities have been opened.Enschede is host to many yearly festivals and the Old Market Square is often the venue for events, live music and other activities on the weekend.After some hesitation on the part of the city council, Enschede was able to host Roze Zaterdag in the summer of 2004 which was a huge success.This not only gave the local economy a boost, but also drew positive attention to Enschede's gay community, the largest in the east of the Netherlands.Like the German capital Berlin Enschede has a troubled urban economy, but is still home to a vibrant artistic scene.Also the city's laid-back attitude, by some attributed to the relatively low economic activity of its inhabitants (labour participation was about 57% in 2006) and the large numbers of students, artists and (semi-) government employees, make for a 'Berlinesque' athmosphere.The proximity to Germany has, historically, been another major factor in the city's economic activity, ranging from the smuggling of coffee and tobacco in the 19th and 20th century, to large numbers of Germans, who visit the city's shops and (especially) the weekly markets.Therefore, most natives of Enschede speak German more or less fluently.The city is co-operating with the nearby municipalities of Almelo, Borne and Hengelo as Netwerkstad Twente. A draft law plan to merge Enschede with Hengelo and Almelo was defeated in parliament under the influence of opposition from the other towns.
At eight kilometers from the city is Enschede Airport Twente.After closure of the military base is the future of the airport is very uncertain. Pending on what is to come, the airport at the moment (October 2008) is not scheduled or charter flights.End of June 2008 it was announced that 26 companies want to establish if the airport is a compact green environment.Many residents and visitors to Enschede and surroundings are now using Münster-Osnabruck Airport, which is accessible from Enschede faster than Airport Schiphol and the Dutch also been anticipated.
Enschede is a terminus station of the NS railway lines from the west.To the east there is a line to Gronau, Germany, which has two more stations in the Netherlands: Enschede De Eschmarke and Glanerbrug.The line is served by: DB Regionalbahn Westfalen (part of the German Deutsche Bahn), to Munster, Prignitzer Eisenbahn ((PE Holding AG, Arriva)) to Dortmund.There is no track connection between the two systems. The through line had been retained for eventual NATO use during the Cold War even after through passenger service was ended (September 1981), although it was left in serious disrepair in later years. With the renewal of service to Germany (May 2001) the track was severed; there is a gap of about 30 centimeters between them.There is also Enschede Drienerlo railway station, near the football stadium.
Enschede has an extensive bus network operated by Connexxion (under the name of Twente ), Syntus and Arriva.Besides the regular diesel buses run since 2011, two hybrid buses in Enschede.In recent years several lanes realized that the public transport and the emergency services, quickly and efficiently through the city to lead. Meanwhile, there are three tracks, from the center along the Zuiderval (South), the Gronausestraat (East) and the former railway line to Lonneker (North).The bus lane on the west Hengelosestraat is being constructed, along with a redesign of the Hengelosestraat.This bus lane to walk to Hengelo.
Enschede has a complete ring with a length of about 8 km as a main artery of the city functions, which are popularly, the canal is called.Enschede has connection to the national road network through the A/N35 and N18.Below and on the edge of the center are several parking facilities, the best known and largest Van Heek Garage is located under the van Heek's Square.It is the largest underground car park of the Netherlands with a capacity of 1,650 cars.
Enschede has a tram service formerly known by the TET was done. The newly constructed bus lanes in Enschede are so constructed that there is a possibility to back tram tracks to build for the eventual return of the tram in Enschede.
is a multi-day festival organized by PLAN TART.At the festival include many topics in multimedia, art, music and technology discussed.The festival is free and is of international quality art from the museums and get access to a wide audience.Besides there are also lectures and an annual award Youngblood where the work of students of the art is exhibited.In addition, a film program.The festival is held annually in September in Enschede and has approximately 20,000 visitors.The festival originated from different festivals MAP TART earlier in the center of Enschede has organized, including in empty buildings, squares, pop, music centers, examples include The Gods Must Be Crazy, At Drift, Social Services, RealAudio, Exploding Digita, Astro friezes, etc.In 2010 the seventh edition held.Founded by artistic director Kees de Groot.Wilja Jurg was business director from 2004 to 2007, then Viola van Alphen.Because of the accessible design and innovative approach is GOGBOT internationally appreciated.Therefore, GOGBOT invited presentations include the ISEA in Singapore, Button Cell Indonesia, the Transmediale in Berlin, Conflux in New York, Japan Media Arts Festival in Japan and the World Expo 2010.
is a pop / rock festival that takes place every August in Enschede.The recreation site is the Rutbeek.The festival began in 2004 as a small charity event for Scouting.It takes place in August in the recreation area Rutbeek in Enschede . In 2005 the festival is more established and there are eighteen bands, a DJ and a festival market. Invited band that year, The Apers, Hallo Venray, Linked, Face Tomorrow, The Palookas and Huge local and Shiver. It's five hundred visitors. In 2006 there will be support of the community and for the first time before the festival a band competition "Stage Fright". The three winners will earn a performance at the festival. Total playing on 2 September 2006 27 bands and DJs including Jovink & The Voederbietels , IOS (Alsou), Mark Foggo, Volbeat, VanKatoen, Green Lizard and the Showcase of Mansardo. There are three stages and the number of visitors is 1000.The organization of Geuzenpop is owned by the Foundation Geuzenpop. The foundation alongside national and international bands, local bands and bands the opportunity to start their play music to bring a larger audience. To be more systematically shape the band competition Stage fright is created, with a performance at the festival earned.
Nature Museum Enschede
is a former natural museum in Enschede.The collection consisted of natural history (including prehistoric ) objects in astronomy, earth science ( minerals, fossils ) and biology, particularly of Twente region.Through a diorama, many different landscapes with different mammals is shown. The Nature Museum has a museum shop. In 2007 was merged into Nature Museum Enschede TwentseWelle along with Jannink Museum and the Van Deinse Institute.The collection is gone and the new location will be displayed.The museum building was until January 2008 the observatory housed Coenraad ter Kuile.
is a museum for ancient and modern art in Enschede.The museum was created from the collection of the textile manufacturer Jan Bernard van Heek (eighty works - mostly paintings - from the period from the Middle Ages until the nineteenth century ) and the Oudheidskamer Twente.It was designed in 1929 by Anton K. Beudt and Charles Muller.In 1930 the museum opened and handed over to the State.Over the years received several museum collections, including textile manufacturers.This was expanded with branches arts and crafts of the eighteenth century and contemporary art.Between 1994 and 1996 the museum was rebuilt. It was improved (fully air-conditioned) and an expanded exhibit hall and museum cafe Ben van Berkel . The garden was redesigned by Louis Baljon ,  where he was the 2004 Award of Merit from the American Society of Landscape Architects for got.The museum became independent in 1994 and transformed into a foundation that is controlled by the director.On May 13, 2000 became the museum's collection but not heavily damaged by the fireworks disaster in Enschede . It remained closed until April 14, 2002 for repairs.Behind the museum is loose cover "Great Bavel" (a Saxon farmhouse of the eighteenth century), where a permanent exhibition about the fireworks can be seen.
is a museum in Enschede in the spring of 2008 opened its doors.TwentseWelle originated from a merger of three institutions: Nature Museum Enschede, the Van Deinse Institute and Museum Jannink.The cultural heritage of Twente is linked to the Natural Heritage.This combination of nature and culture is unique for the Netherlands.The national and international context provided with the necessary attention.In a permanent exhibition in a huge hall, the visitor is led from the Twente as it looked during the last Ice Age to the contemporary (and future) Twente. Temporary exhibitions in the fields of science, healthcare, industrial and landscape, a library and an observatory are part of TwentseWelle, in which regional culture and vernacular to the attention gebracht.De Association Oudheidkamer Twente has much of its important collection consisting of cultural heritage objects Twente Wed realia, paintings, prints, books, coins, medals, maps, etc. long-term loan.TwentseWelle was built in the district Roombeek, the remains of the complex Rozendaal, a former textile factory. This culture cluster, in which artists and contemporary art 21Rozendaal-based, is written by Bjarne Mastenbroek of SeARCH Architects from Amsterdam. TwentseWelle is part of the culture mile in Enschede, the route in Enschede, the music quarter in the city connects the Rozendaal.The museum was established in April 2008 TwentseWelle opened by Queen Beatrix.
Synagogue of Enschede
a major Dutch Synagogue in Enschede.The architects Anthonie Pieter Smits and Cornelis van de Linde from Aerdenhout designed the building at Prince Street, based on the design of Charles the Basel from 1,918 - one thousand nine hundred twenty for a synagogue to the Fisheries Street, because the old synagogue on the Achterstraat, now City Gravenstraat to had become small.The building was built in 1927 - one thousand nine hundred and twenty-eight commissioned by the Dutch-Jewish Community of Enschede.
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