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Larissa
Country Greece
State Thessaly
City Larissa
Type of Location Multiple
About the Location  

Larisa is the capital city of the Thessaly periphery of Greece and capital of the Larissa peripheral unit. It is a principal agricultural centre and a national transportation hub, linked by road and rail with the port of Volos and with Thessaloniki and Athens.The population of the urban area is around 250,000 and includes Giannouli, Terpsithea and other smaller suburban communities.According to archaeological evidence the city and its area has been inhabited since the tenth millennium BCE. Today, Larissa is a major commercial and industrial centre in Greece.Legend has it that Achilles was born here and Hippocrates, the Father of Medicine, died here as well.

There are a number of highways including E75 and the main railway from Athens to Thessaloniki (Salonika) crossing through Thessaly.The region is directly linked to the rest of Europe through the International Airport of Central Greece located in Nea Anchialos a short distance from Larissa.The Larissa Chasma, a deep gash in the surface of Dione, a natural satellite of Saturn, was named after Larissa.Larissa lies on the river Pineios.

The city is said in Greek mythology to have been founded by Acrisius, who was killed accidentally by his grandson, Perseus.There lived Peleus, the hero beloved by the gods, and his son Achilles; however, the city is not mentioned by Homer, unless it should be identified with Argissa of the Iliad.In mythology, the nymph Larissa was a daughter of the primordial man Pelasgus.

Traces of Paleolithic human settlement have been recovered from the area, but it was peripheral to areas of advanced culture.The area around Larissa was extremely fruitful; it was agriculturally important and in antiquity was known for its horses.When Larissa ceased minting the federal coins it shared with other Thessalian towns and adopted its own coinage in the late 5th century BC, it chose local types for its coins.The obverse depicted the nymph of the local spring, Larissa, for whom the town was named; probably the choice was inspired by the famous coins of Kimon depicting the Syracusan nymph Arethusa.The reverse depicted a horse in various poses.The horse was an appropriate symbol of Thessaly, a land of plains, which was well-known for its horses. Usually there is a male figure; he should perhaps be seen as the eponymous hero of the Thessalians, Thessalos, who is probably also to be identified on many of the earlier, federal coins of Thessaly.

The local football club AEL 1964 FC currently participates in Super League Greece.The team became Greek Champion in 1988 and won the Greek Cup in 1985 & 2007.AEL holds its home games in the newbuild AEL FC Arena sice November 2010.Other important sport venues are the National Sport Center of Larissa (EAK Larissas), which includes the Alcazar Stadium and the Neapoli Indoor Hall.

   
How to Reach  

By Air

Volos airport (VOL) is situated in (Nea Anchialos), 75 km SW from the city.Air Berlin operate every Monday and every Friday from May to October (Flights to/from Berlin, Hamburg, Dusseldorf, Nuremberg, Vienna).Ryanair operates flights from April to October to/from Hahn (Frankfurt), Bergamo (Milan), Rome and Charleroi (Brussels) airport.Belle Air operate to/from Tirana.Lauda Air operate to/from Vienna.Transavia operate to/from Amsterdam.

By Train

Trains (OSE) connect Larisa to other cities in Greece.Travelling with ordinary trains can be cheaper, although a little bit slower, whereas choosing a fancy faster Intercity train will cost the same amount of money, or even more than a KTEL bus.

By Bus

There is an efficient public transport system going around the city, detailed info in the regional bus terminal (called "Astiko KTEL").

By Road

Larissa sits in the middle of the plain of Thessaly, with connections to Motorway A1 and national roads EO3 and EO6.

By Taxi

Taxi in Larisa, as everywhere in Greece are comparably cheap.You should not pay more than € 4 if you hail a cab (silver colour) on the road to take you anywhere in the city.Note that taxi meters have two rates - rate 1 applies from 5am till midnight, and rate 2, the double rate, from midnight to 5am. Taxi fare fraud is not widespread but it still happens, so make sure the rate is correct.If you feel you have been overcharged, ask for a receipt (they are obliged to give one) and take the plate number, then phone the tourist police to report the driver on 171.Expect to pay € 1 or € 2 extra if you take a taxi from the bus station or the train station, and a surcharge if you call for a taxi service on demand.

   
Key places to visit  
Mount Ossa,Ancient Greek theater,Museum Katsigra,Bairakli Mosque,Hill Fortress,Basilica of St. Achilles,Alcazar Park
Places to Visit  

Mount Ossa

Is a mountain in the Larissa prefecture, in Thessaly, Greece.It is located between Pelion to the south and Olympus to the north, separated from the latter by the Vale of Tempe, with its height at 1,978 metres (6,490 ft).In Greek mythology, the Aloadaes are said to have attempted to pile it upon Mount Pelion, in their attempt to scale Olympus.

Ancient Greek theater

This is the second ancient theater of Larissa, which was used during the Roman period.They have survived two rows of marble seats, the orchestra and a large part of the scene.The monument came to light in excavations conducted in 1985 and 1986.The site is fenced and visited with the agreement of 15 Prehistoric and Classical Antiquities.

Museum Katsigra

Today the Gallery is housed in new modern building in the neighborhood of Naples.The selection of the architectural solution occurred after National Architectural Competition, 1984.The building was constructed in 1991 and ended in 2003 when it was inaugurated by the former President of the Republic Mr. Stephanopoulos.The building works with the most modern standards and organized based on modern museological, museographical studies and procurement of appropriate equipment.The first floor includes: Katsigra Museum, an exhibition area (1000 m2), rest rooms, outdoor exhibitions.The basement includes: laboratory maintenance and storage of tables, general stores, photo lab, heating, rooms for the guards-security.

Bairakli Mosque

Just below the Great Ottoman bath and crossing a large part of non-pedestrian track Venizelou street, at the height of the road we meet Papaflessa Bairakli Mosque (mosque) located in the center of the market, at the junction of Papaflessa and Ossis.So named because it is said that the imam of the mosque that just raising a flag, giving signal to the other imams in the region to call the faithful to prayer (in Turkish means bairak flag).From Bairakli Mosque still remain the two walls of the central area, which have a nice cloisonne masonry as Bezesteni, which date back to the same period (15th - early 16th century.).

Hill Fortress

Starting from Central Square and ascending the hill of the fortress, through the numerous walks, visits the switch will meet a group of Christian monuments, mainly Byzantine and Ottoman period that emerged in recent years.In particular,the square Lamproulis have saved parts of the covered market of the 15th century.Of Christian baths sixth century.,The early Christian basilica of St. Achilles and the royal mainly Byzantine period 11th-12th century. AD, with burial in the same period.

Basilica of St. Achilles

This three-aisled basilica dedicated to St. Achillion, according to inscriptions.Built in the 6th century on the tomb of the saint. Maintained at the foundation and is decorated with mosaics in the narthex. The tomb of St can be identified with the vaulted tomb in the northern aisle, marked with crosses painted decoration.The temple was repaired in the Middle Byzantine period as an Episcopal church in the city and part of it was used as a cemetery.In the surrounding area excavated several outbuildings of the church, since it is known that the royal surrounded by houses, warehouses, baths, charities. In the late 15th century when the Ottomans built the Bezesteni north of the church, donated to other Christian place of worship and so the church moved west.

Alcazar Park

After the central bridge of Penaeus Bridge Pinios Nymphs, on the northwest edge of town, you can enjoy the most beautiful corner of the park of Alcazar.A beautiful and lush urban park, recreation with many trees, flowers, outdoors sports and recreation, an outdoor theater with a capacity 2,500 persons, the famous Garden Theatre during the summer months hosts various theatrical performances and musical events.Over the river there have been pedestrian bridges linking the two banks of Penaeus, bike paths, benches, nice lighting and the Monument of National Resistance, a wonderful work of sculptor Larissa Filolaou Tloupas.Centrally located in the park has created an artificial lake with footbridges, while the banks have shaped rock gardens, trellises and lounge offering a pleasant stay to its visitors.

   
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