Ludwigshafen am Rhein is a city in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.Ludwigshafen is located on the Rhine opposite Mannheim.Together with Mannheim, Heidelberg and the surrounding region, it forms the Rhine Neckar Area.Ludwigshafen is known for its chemical industry (BASF).Among its cultural facilities rank the Staatsphilharmonie Rheinland-Pfalz.Ludwigshafen is the birthplace of the former German chancellor Helmut Kohl and the philosopher Ernst Bloch.In antiquity, Celtic and Germanic tribes settled here and during the 1st century B.C., the Romans conquered the region and a Roman auxiliary fort was constructed near the present suburb of Rheingonheim.In the Middle Ages, some of the later suburbs of Ludwigshafen were founded, for example Oggersheim, Maudach, Oppau and Mundenheim, but most of the area was still swampland.All the region belonged to the territory of the Prince-elector of the Kurpfalz, or Electoral Palatinate, one of the larger states within the Holy Roman Empire, and the foundation of the new capital of the Kurpfalz, Mannheim, had decisive influence on the further development of the area on the opposite bank of the Rhine.Parallel to the foundation of Mannheim in 1606, a fortress (die Rheinschanze) was built by Frederick IV, Elector Palatine, on the other side of the River Rhine to protect the City of Mannheim, thus forming the nucleus of the city of Ludwigshafen itself.But the region had a hard time in the 17th century, it was devastated and depopulated during the Thirty Years' War and also in King Louis XIV of France´s wars of conquest in the later part of the century.
In recent years, many efforts have been made to enhance Ludwigshafen's image in the media.The city administration has cut down its deficit by cutting down social payments and maintenance, pollution has been (not least by BASF) restricted, the formerly rotten Hemshof quarter has been restored.In 2008, a fire broke out in a building where many ethnic Turks lived.9 people died, all of them Turks and 5 of them children.It was believed to be an arsonist attack, however this was found to be not true.One of the most annoying faults of Ludwigshafen – at least for many of the city's inhabitants - was its comparative lack of high-quality shopping possibilities.It has attempted to repair this deficiency by creating a second large shopping mall on the southern tip of the city centre (the Walzmühle near Berliner Platz) with affiliated railway station (Ludwigshafen-Mitte).In addition, another shopping mall on the banks of the Rhine, the Rhein-Galerie, was completed in September 2010.Ludwigshafen has enormous importance as an industrial city.
How to Reach
Although Ludwigshafen itself has no airfield, it is well connected with several airports in the region. There are small airfields near Speyer, Bad Dürkheim and Worms, a medium-sized regional airport in Mannheim and the Frankfurt International Airport in about an hour driving distance.
Ludwigshafen Hauptbahnhof is a huge station, its impressive pylon bridge pier serving as the city's landmark.The extraordinary architecture of the station complex is caused by the need to connect three joining tracks (to Frankenthal/Worms/Mainz, to Neustadt/Speyer and to Mannheim) and to work in the underground Strabenbahn station and the massive road bridge above the concourse.Other railway stations are at Oggersheim, Mundenheim, Rheingonheim and the new more central Ludwigshafen (Rhein) Mitte, near Berliner Platz.Since 2003, the S-Bahn Rhein-Neckar suburban train system runs successfully in the region.
Ludwigshafen's public transport system is run by the VBL (Verkehrsbetriebe Ludwigshafen) and the holding companies RNV and VRN.The Strabenbahn (tram/streetcar) network is closely connected with Mannheim, three lines (3,4,6) cross the Rhine bridges between the two cities and a further two lines (10,12) run through Ludwigshafen only.In late 2008 Line 4 was extended and replaced Line 14 (also known as "Rhein-Haardt-Bahn").Line 4 now serves as a long-distance tram, which runs from Bad Durkheim to Ludwigshafen, Mannheim and Heddesheim.The bus network consists of about ten municipal lines and further regional lines.A rather strange feature of Ludwigshafen's public transport system is the existence of five underground stations for the Strabenbahn (Rathaus, Danziger Platz, Hauptbahnhof, Heinrich-Pesch-Haus, Hemshofstrabe).They go back to the 1970s, when a common underground network in Mannheim and Ludwigshafen was planned.The rash construction of these first stations in Ludwigshafen became superfluous when Mannheim cancelled the project due to its enormous costs.
Ludwigshafen has excellent Autobahn (motorway/highway) connections to all directions.Most important are the A 650 in West-East direction, the A 61 in North-South direction.But there are also A 6, A 65 and B 9 to be mentioned.
Ludwigshafen is the most important German harbour west of the Rhine.The local industry depends on shipping their raw materials and products on the river.The harbour of Ludwigshafen consists of several basins in the South of the city near Mundenheim (Luitpoldhafen, Kaiserworthhafen, Mundenheimer Altrheinhafen), the wharfs along the river parallel to the city centre and the BASF and finally of the Landeshafen basin in the North that connects the BASF.
Key places to visit
Ebert Park,Prince Regent Theatre,Wilhelm-Hack Museum,Long Night of Museums,Peace Park,Park Island
Places to Visit
is a park in the city of Ludwigshafen am Rhein.The park is named after the Reich President Friedrich Ebert and was named on 28 May 1925 with the "Sueddeutsche Horticultural Exhibition" opened.The park was built on the territory of former swampy Altrheinarms with up to three meters deep, covered bins pools, the "Friesenheimer foxholes." More than 1,000 so-called emergency workers who received the project for the first time one walked merit, plans to win the hole Altrhein underutilized area within a few years to the day by approximately 29-acre park and exhibition area.The park features include a mini-golf, football and game courts, boules, a marble stadium and a petting zoo. A number of various special gardens, such as a fragrant rose garden, a sensory garden and a fountain garden design with different pools of the park into one harmonious whole.In summer, sometimes held in the bandshell and musical performances on the grounds in front of the Friedrich-Ebert-Halle, the Park Festival is held in June, the largest festival of Ludwigshafen, instead. Since 1995, here also the "Miss Ludwigshafen" is selected.
Prince Regent Theatre
is a privately owned theater in the summer of 1977 by the actor and director Bernard F. Dropmann was founded with the aim of the Palatinate dialect receive.On 15 January 1978 was held at the "Theater in Hemshof," the former name of the theater, with the staging rather "colorful revue" the first premiere.Until 1990, Bernard F. Dropmann staged at the "Theater in Hemshof" 55 premieres with about 3250 images.The growing popularity of the small theater in Hemshof meant that expansion was inevitable.The theater now has several stages and plays almost every day throughout the year in weekly changing blocks.Since 1991, the house belonging to the Children's and Youth Theatre (JukiLU) plays several times a week for children and youth items.1993 was the lobby of the theater installed a second stage, where you can see the midnight lace, a Saturday's midnight show with a different program.Since 1997 also, right next door located in the "Prinzenrolle" cabaret performed.
is an art museum in the city of Ludwigshafen am Rhein.The museum is in the city especially by the Catalan artist Joan Miró designed so-called wall-Miró on.The city of Ludwigshafen began after World War II works by painters from the Palatinate to collect, with the aim of establishing a kind of Palatine Gallery.After the Second World War, the focus was collecting to the German Expressionism.The museum was inaugurated with an exhibition area of 3,000 sqm in 1979.Important for the programmatic orientation of the museum was the collection of the Düsseldorf lawyer Heinz Beck, who came in 1988 at the museum. It comprises around 2,500 works of American and British pop art artists and works of New Realism and the Fluxus scene.In March 2009 the museum after 17 months was re-opened long lasting restoration. The restoration itself was a project of urban Today for Tomorrow initiative, which has been rebuilding the city of Ludwigshafen taken on the task. The total cost amounted to € 4.6 million and were primarily for a new photovoltaic system, new air conditioning spent and a new lighting system. Previously, the museum suffered from condensation and water penetration, which meant that it got no more loan.
Long Night of Museums
is a joint initiative of several museums and cultural institutions in a place that opened up into the night together and market the event together to make new circles visitors to cultural institutions carefully.According to press reports, Berlin is the Long Night of Museums in the Rhein-Neckar-Triangle, where the cities of Mannheim, Heidelberg and Ludwigshafen, with more than 100 stations are involved, the second largest nationwide.In Frankfurt, the Night of Museums is next to the Museum Embankment Festival, the second largest annual festival at the local museum where they have longer opening hours.Museum is a long night with opening times to 1:00 clock in it Bonn since 1995 as part of the annual Museum Mile Festival.
is a park in the center of the city of Ludwigshafen am Rhein.The park is part of the city of Ludwigshafen wells, a so-called "children's paradise" with recreational facilities for children and adolescents.The Children of Paradise open space is used for smaller, open-air performances. On hot days, but mainly of mud playground used. Friends of Children of Paradise Peace Park Association offers children's entertainment and is actively involved in the maintenance of the children's paradise.For skate-boarders a plant with Snake Run and Fun-ramp is set up.
is an island part of the southern city of city of Ludwigshafen am Rhein.It is partly the port area, the upscale residential area and City Park.The island, directly opposite the Mannheim tear island on the Rhine, originally owned by the present district Mundheim and was then known as Mundenheimer grove.The Ludwigshafen Park Island was originally an island, but was created by the construction of Luitpold port in the years 1893 to 1898 from a separate part Mundenheimer district. Along the shore line was already a dense lowland forest, the forest Mundenheimer. Since 1968 the park island actually no longer an island because it was connected by a causeway to the mainland.