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Munster
Country Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
City Munster
Type of Location Multiple
About the Location  

Munster is an independent city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.It is located in the northern part of the state and is considered to be the cultural centre of the Westphalia region.It is also capital of the local government region Munsterland.The city is best known as the location of the Anabaptist rebellion during the Protestant Reformation, as the site of the signing of the Treaty of Westphalia ending the Thirty Years' War in 1648, and as the bicycle capital of Germany.Munster gained the status of a Grobstadt (major city) with more than 100,000 inhabitants in 1915.Currently there are around 270,000 people living in the city, with about 48,500 students, only some of whom are recorded in the official population statistics as having their primary residence in Munster.In 793, Charlemagne sent out Ludger as a missionary to evangelise the Munsterland.In 797, Ludger founded a school that later became the Cathedral School.Gymnasium Paulinum traces its history back to the school.He was ordained as the first bishop of Munster.The first cathedral was completed by 850.The combination of ford and crossroad, market place, episcopal administrative centre, library and school, established Munster as an important centre.In 1040, Heinrich III became the first king in Munster.

The city is the "creative desk of Westphalia".Greater Munster has many agencies that public authorities, consulting companies, insurance companies, banks, computer centres, publishing houses, advertising and design.The service sectors has created several thousand jobs.Retailers have approximately 1.9 billion euros turnover.The city still has traditional merchants’ townhouses as well as modern outlets.The job market situation in Munster is "comparatively good".Of the approximately 130,000 employees subject to social insurance contribution more than 80% work in the tertiary sector, about 17% work in the secondary sector and 1% work in the primary sector.Munster is host to many institutions of higher education which includes the University of Munster and University of Applied Sciences.The city also has 92 Schools of primary and secondary education. The city has 47,000 students.

   
How to Reach  

By Air

Dusseldorf Flughafen (Airport) is about 1 hour 20 minutes by train from Munster, whereas Munster-Osnabruck Airport is about 30 minutes drive from the city.The latter has grown significantly in recent years, offering flights throughout Europe including to London (Stansted), Berlin and Amsterdam.

By Train

Munster has the Munster Hauptbahnhof which is on the Wanne-Eickel–Hamburg railway.

By Bicycle

Munster is the bicycle capital of Germany.In 2007, Vehicle traffic (36.4%) fell below the number of bikes used in traffic (37.6%).The city maintains an extensive network for bicycles.There are bicycle lanes and paths linking all the city districts with the inner city and there are special traffic light signals for bicycles.Bicycle stations in Munster offer bicycle rentals.

By Car

Munster can be reached by Autobahn 1 from both the north and the south and Autobahn 43 from the southwest.

   
Key places to visit  
Munster Cathedral,Botanischer Garten Munster,Westphalian State Museum of Art and Cultural History,University bible museum,Westphalian Horse Museum
Places to Visit  

Munster Cathedral

is a cathedral in the German city of Munster.built in the 13th century in a mixture of late Romanesque and early Gothic styles.It has been completely restored after World War II damage.It includes an astronomical clock of 1540, adorned with hand-painted zodiac symbols, which traces the movement of the planets, and plays a Glockenspiel tune every noon.It is the city's main church and one of its most important historical monuments, as well as the centre of the Diocese of Munster since that diocese's foundation in 805.

Botanischer Garten Munster

is a botanical garden maintained by the University of Munster (Westfälische Wilhelms-Universitat Munster). It is located directly behind the Prince Bishop's Castle, within the castle grounds at 3 Schlobgarten, Munster, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, and open daily without charge.Today the garden contains about 8,000 species, including a major collection of 230 of the 280 known Pelargonium species. In addition to ten greenhouses (total area about 2,000 m2).

Westphalian State Museum of Art and Cultural History

The Westphalian State Museum for Art and Cultural History was created, as in many other German citizens of towns that could not fall back on a royal collection, in the era of romanticism through the initiative of the Westphalian Art Association (from 1831) and the Association for History and Archaeology of Westphalia.Both clubs have created during the 19th Century laid the foundation for today's "Westphalian State Museum for Art and Cultural History".The main art museum of Westphalia in 1908, is located downtown at Cathedral Square in Munster.In 1971 a new building in the former style was added to the building.In May 1999, the old Museum, the great parts of the collection was housed after extensive renovation work, which lasted almost four years, reopened. Currently receives the Westphalian State Museum a new building, which makes it possible to present the extensive collection of stocks according to the current requirements are appropriate and forward looking. Support of the National Museum is the Regional Association of Westphalia-Lippe (LWL), which has its roots in the autonomy of the Prussian provinces.

University bible museum

The museum was founded as a department of the Institute for New Testament Textual Research by Prof. D. Kurt Aland and was opened with a ceremonial act on 8th March 1979 in the presence of Federal President Walter Scheel. In 1983 Prof. Lic. Dr. Barbara Aland became its director and she was followed in October 2004 by Prof. Dr. Holger Strutwolf.The museum uses original exhibits to explain the history of the Bible from its manuscript beginnings up to today.The basis of its holdings is a private collection. Some parts of the older holdings of the Institute of New Testament Textual Research were added to this. In the course of the years the collection was expanded further with significant exhibits; furthermore, it is continuously augmented by changing items on loan from a private manuscript collector from Norway. About 350 exhibits are on display, with further parts of the holdings accessible to the public in special exhibitions of the museum.

Westphalian Horse Museum

A unique concept and the attractive location of the Allwetterzoo Munster make the Westphalian Horse Museum an experience for everyone.Apart from 1,000 square meters exhibition space and a generous foyer, the Arena Hippomaxx, where horse shows and other events regularly take place, belongs to the museum. Since May 2005 the Children and Horse Park is linked to the museum. Here, children can experience different breeds of horses and giant Poitou donkeys.
Opening Times: April - September: 9am-6pm, October & March: 9am-5pm, November - February: 9am-4pm and Dec 24 & 31: 9am-noon.

   
Right Time to Visit  

April - September
December - March

Temperature  

Information not available

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