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Pforzheim
Country Germany
State Baden-Wurttemberg
City Pforzheim
Type of Location Multiple
About the Location  

Pforzheim is a county-level city in north-west of Baden-Wurttemberg, southwest Germany at the gate to the Black Forest.It is world-famous for its jewelry and watch-making industry.Until 1565 it was the home to the Margraves of Baden. Because of that it gained the nickname "Goldstadt" or Golden City. It has an area of 98 km2 and is situated between the cities of Stuttgart and Karlsruhe at the confluence of three rivers (Enz, Nagold and Wurm) and marks the frontier between Baden and Wurttemberg, being located on Baden territory.Pforzheim is located on the Bertha Benz Memorial Route.The City of Pforzheim does not belong to any administrative district (Kreis), although it hosts the administrative offices of the Enz district which surrounds the town.After the war, the rubble from the destruction was heaped into a large pile on mount Wallberg and into the Brotzinger Tal valley on the outskirts of the town, resulting in a volcano-ish look of the mountain and the disappearance of the valley.Similar efforts were undertaken in other destroyed cities such as Stuttgart and Munich.In the twenty years following the end of the war, Pforzheim was gradually rebuilt, giving the town a quite modern look and making it home to some landmark buildings of the 1950s.

The city of Pforzheim consists of 16 city wards.The communities Buchenbronn, Eutingen on Enz, Hohenwart, Huchenfeld and Wurm, which by way of the latest regional administrative reform during the 1970s were incorporated into Pforzheim's administration, are represented by independent community councils and community administrations according to and following paragraphs of the main city-ordinance of Pforzheim.In important matters concerning any of these communities the opinions of the respective community councils must be taken into consideration.However, final decisions on the matter will be made by the Pforzheim city council.Pforzheim is historically an important jewelry and watch-making centre in Germany.Due to this reason, Pforzheim is nicknamed as Golden City.Jewellery and watch-making industry is first set up by Jean Francois Autran after receiving an edict from then overlord Margrave Karl Friedrich von Baden.This enterprise is later joined by other commercial enterprises and helped Pforzheim to become an important manufacturing city.Pforzheim accounts for just under 70 percent of the total sales of the German jewelry and silverware industry and around 80 percent of all the pieces of jewelry exported by Germany come from Pforzheim.

   
How to Reach  

By Train

Pforzheim Hauptbahnhof (central station) is located on the Karlsruhe–Muhlacker line, connecting to Stuttgart.In addition there are two railway lines into the Black Forest: the Enz Valley Railway to Bad Wildbad and the Nagold Valley Railway to Nagold.Pforzheim is connected to the Karlsruhe Light Rail network.Other public transportation services in the city area are provided by buses of the Pforzheim Municipal Transport, subsidiary of Veolia Transport Company (SVP) and several other transportation companies.They all offer unified fares within the framework of the Pforzheim-Enzkreis Verkehrsverbund.

By Bus

The city has three bus stations, bus station north, center and south.Other public transport (LPT) in the city buses serve the partially privatized city traffic Pforzheim GmbH & Co. KG (SVP) and several other transportation companies.They all go at uniform prices within the transport association Pforzheim-Enz.The end of 2009 for one traffic development plan provides a summary of all bus stations in south-east of the main station.

By Road

The Federal Freeway A8 (Perl - Bad Reichenhall) runs by just to the north of the city.The city can be accessed via three freeway exits.The Interstate Road B10 (Lebach - Augsburg) and B294 (Gundelfingen - Bretten) run through the city.The B463 Interstate Road running toward Nagold has its starting point here.

   
Key places to visit  
Theatre Pforzheim,Pforzheim Gallery, Jewellery Museum Pforzheim,Reuchlin House,Culture House Osterfeld,Brotzingen Valley Stadium
Places to Visit  

Theatre Pforzheim

is the theater of the urban district Pforzheim in Baden-Wuerttemberg.The theater is located in the capitol city, directly on the Enz.There are two performances for the different rooms available: The big hall with 511 seats and the podium, which provides space for 193 spectators.In addition to municipal theater theater performances are also operas, operettas, ballet, concerts and musicals instead.Moreover, the Pforzheim Baden Philharmonic (formerly Municipal Orchestra of Pforzheim) housed under the roof of the theater.Under the name of the Pforzheim Southwest cities opera ensemble since 1959, also occurs in non-theater cities in Baden-Wuerttemberg.

Pforzheim Gallery

is an art museum in Pforzheim.The Municipal Gallery documents the work of artists from the region and southwestern Germany in selected examples.The succeeds in the Second World War, the defunct Municipal Gallery in Bohnenberger Schlössle on, off their stock solely Carl Spitzweg Picture was "The mineralogist." The painting is on display again today and is the prelude to a permanent exhibition, in which the relevant currents of the twentieth century, with examples of regional art are represented.Four to five exhibitions per year are devoted to younger artists, especially from the region, professors of the University of Pforzheim and nationally known artists with current issues.

Jewellery Museum Pforzheim

is a special museum on the history of jewelry. Building on the 19th Century-scale collections, the museum houses thousands of historic gems today: Originals from five millennia, with examples of prehistoric cultures before and jewelry to the present.Emphasis will be treasures of Greek and Etruscan-Roman antiquity, the Renaissance and Art Nouveau. Of great importance are the extensive ring collection and probably the unique collection of contemporary art jewelry. Also ethnographic jewelry and a collection of pocket watches can be seen. In addition, a department of the Museum of the history of the town Pforzheim as a center dedicated to the German jewelry and watch industry.There are regular temporary exhibitions of historical, ethnological and modern themes of the jewelry and the goldsmith's art.

Reuchlin House

is a cultural center in the city garden of Pforzheim.It was 1957-1961 by the renowned museum architects Manfred Lehmbruck (1913-1992), son of the sculptor Wilhelm Lehmbruck designed.A central foyer with free-floating staircase connects the individual block-shaped components. These house the Jewellery Museum Pforzheim and the Arts and Crafts Association Pforzheim.The house was named after the humanist Johannes Reuchlin (1455-1522), as the most important son of Pforzheim is named.The building was founded in 2002 and 2006 from the Stuttgart-based architectural firm hG Merz rebuilt and renovated.

Culture House Osterfeld

is a cultural center in the town of Pforzheim (Baden-Württemberg).It was on 2 September 1994 in Osterfeld building opened and is located in the former school in the country's largest public bathing, which was built by the then city architect Alfons core in the years 1904 to 1907.The building is a listed building.The Culture House Osterfeld's event and performance space, meeting place as well as cooperation partners for various organizations, clubs and associations from various areas of interest.It is publicly funded.Sponsors are the city of Pforzheim and the land of Baden-Wuerttemberg.Receives further support the Cultural Centre through its patrons.In the Culture House Osterfeld has more than 100,000 visitors and around 3,800 users at around 250 assignments and own public events in all artistic disciplines.

Brotzingen Valley Stadium

is the classical soccer stadium of the 1st FC Pforzheim soccer club of 1896, which was inaugurated in 1913.It accommodated a record number of "15.000 to 20.000" spectators on the occasion of the match between South Germany against Central Hungary in 1920.In the post-Second-World-War era it accommodated 12.000 spectators at the cup matches 1st FC Pforzheim - 1.FC Nuremberg (score 2:1 after extension; 1961) and 1st FCP - Werder Bremen (score 1:1 after extension; 1988).The soccer club (simply called the "club"), which during its history supplied the first national team captain and a total of eleven first league players, had to file for bankruptcy in February 2004 and for the first time in history is playing in the 5th league, i.e. the Soccer Association's Northern Baden League, during the 2004-05 season.In 1906, the club lost the final of the German Soccer Championship against VfB Leipzig 1:2 in Nuremberg.

   
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