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Recklinghausen
Country Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
City Recklinghausen
Type of Location Multiple
About the Location  


Recklinghausen is the northernmost city in the Ruhr-Area and the capital of the Recklinghausen district.It borders the rural Munsterland and is characterized by large fields and farms in the north and industry in the south. Recklinghausen is the 60th-largest city in Germany and the 22nd-largest city in North Rhine-Westphalia.First mentioned in 1017 as Ricoldinchuson, in 1150 the city was the center of the surrounding Vest Recklinghausen.In 1236, the city of Recklinghausen received town privileges.As part of the County of Vest, ownership of Recklinghausen changed several times in the 15th and 16th century, and in 1576, the entire county was pawned to the Elector of Cologne.In 1582-83, again in 1586, and again in 1587, the city was plundered by partisan armies during the Cologne War, a feud over religious parity in Electorate of Cologne and electoral influence in the Holy Roman Empire.Recklinghausen was also the site of more than 100 witchcraft trials (1514–1710).The trial activity reached a climax twice: In the time period of 1580/81 and again in 1588/89.The last person to be convicted of witchcraft was Anna Spickermann; after spending 16 months in prison, she was sentenced to death by sword and burned afterward.Recklinghausen is home to a museum of icons, which includes more than 1,000 Orthodox works from Russia, Greece and the Balkan countries, as well as early Coptic Christian art from Egypt.The icon museum - the largest outside the Orthodox world - was founded in 1956 and reopened after renovation in February 2006 for its 50th anniversary.

In front of the Ruhrfestpielhaus, whose refurbishment in 2001 won the German Architecture Award, there is "Die Liegende Nr 5" a famous sculpture by Henry Moore. At the Lohtor in front of a memorial for the victims of World War I, there is a large sculpture made of more than 30,000 bricks by Per Kirkeby.Recklinghausen hosts the annual Ruhrfestspiele, a cultural festival with an international reputation.Every year there is a cultural programme with many national and international theatrical productions starting on 1 May.In 2008 the programme included the play Speed the Plow starring Kevin Spacey and Jeff Goldblum as one of the major productions.The main theatrical stage is the Ruhrfestspielhaus but other theatres in and around Recklinghausen participate.The two major motorways crossing the area of the city are the A2 and the A43.The city is connected to the larger waterways by the Rhein-Herne-Kanal. Recklinghausen has two railway stations.The Central Station (Recklinghausen Hauptbahnhof) which is connected to the national and European high speed (Intercity) and the South Station (Recklinghausen Südbahnhof).

   
How to Reach  

By Air

The airfield Marl-Loemuhle is the closest airport at the city limits Marl / Recklinghausen.

By Train

Recklinghausen has two railway stations.The Central Station (Recklinghausen Hauptbahnhof) which is connected to the national and European high speed Intercity and the South Station (Recklinghausen Sudbahnhof).

By Road

The two major motorways crossing the area of the city are the A2 and the A43.The city is connected to the larger waterways by the Rhein-Herne-Kanal.

By Bus

In the road passenger transport buses operate the trams Vestische GmbH (based in Hertfordshire). Until 1982 the transport company had also tram lines, the operation was stopped. The name of the transport company has remained intact.For the entire public transport is the rate of the transport association Rhein-Ruhr and collective space of the NRW-tariff border.

By Ferry

In the southern port city of Recklinghausen city lies on the Rhine-Herne Canal.

   
Key places to visit  
Hoheward The Landscape Park,Icon Museum Recklinghausen,Ruhr Festival,Kunsthalle Recklinghausen,Substation Recklinghausen,Theater backpressure,Musical theater
Places to Visit  

Hoheward The Landscape Park

is a public reclamation project in the northern Ruhr area, which is around 7.5 km2 former industrial areas and heaps made ​​of coal mining on the outskirts of the cities Herten and Recklinghausen new to a recreation park landscape.The planning began in 2001, 2004, the structural realization, the completion was targeted for 2010.Since early 2011, the park is in the route of industrial culture under the panoramas.

Icon Museum Recklinghausen

was founded in 1953.The collection is the largest in the Western Hemisphere.It is closed for renovations in 2011 and due to reopen in early 2012.The museum is located in the so-called Tower School in Recklinghausen, directly opposite the Parish Church of St. Peter at the Church Square. The building was built in 1795/98 in place of a demolished timber-framed building and was until 1895 a primary school for boys.1927 - 1935 is the regional history museum Vestische was housed until 1945 the Nazi Party moved their headquarters there.Shortly after the war, the publishing house Aurel Bongers moved into the building.Since 1956, the Icon Museum is located there.Since 1983, the house is a listed building.The collection of the Icon Museum in Recklinghausen is the largest in the Western Hemisphere.Over 1000 icons, embroideries, miniatures and wood and metal work can be seen in the museum.Countries of origin are Russia, Greece, Ethiopia and the Balkans.Worth mentioning is also the Coptic collection documenting the transition from late antiquity to early Christianity, pagan.It documents the diversity of art in Egypt, beginning in the first Century to the early Middle Ages.

Ruhr Festival

is one of the oldest and one of the largest and most prestigious theater festivals in Europe.The festival is a cultural event of the Ruhr, that has its origins in the postwar period and since then in Recklinghausen takes place.The Ruhr Festival is organized annually by the Ruhr Festival, Recklinghausen GmbH.The Company will each hold 50% of the city of Recklinghausen and the German Federation of Trade Unions supported that contribute each year about 1.1 million €. The Ruhr Festival, have no fixed ensemble.Performances of the Festival are co-productions with well-known European artists and demonstrations by guest groups.The stated goal is to be achieved by a merge different art forms, languages ​​and cultures.The main venue is the Ruhrfestspielhaus.

Kunsthalle Recklinghausen

is a 1950 in a former bunker opposite the main railway station decorated Art Museum in Recklinghausen.Founding motive was an addition to the Ruhr Festival with exhibitions of fine art.To date, the Kunsthalle Recklinghausen shows during the annual Ruhrfestspiele accompanying these exhibitions.During the rest of the year usually find thematic exhibitions with art instead since 1945.Even the winners of the city of Recklinghausen biennially awarded Young West Art Prize will be shown at an exhibition in the Kunsthalle.The city's art collection includes works by major post-war German artists such as Emil Schumacher and KO Gotz, is shown at the Kunsthalle, however infrequently.

Substation Recklinghausen

is a listed transformer station of RWE (formerly VEW ) in Recklinghausen -South.The plant is now the headquarters of RWE's Museum of Technology "Power and Life".The substation is part of Recklinghausen Route of Industrial Heritage.As part of a modernization of the substations are free spaces were in the building, which offered along with a new addition to the current museum space and the company archive.The museum has the history of electricity from its beginnings (the discovery of galvanic electricity by the Italian physicist Alessandro Volta tour) to this daily use in households and industry.The museum's collection includes, among others, a large number of exhibits and promotional materials for the electricity usage from the early 20th Century. Another feature, the museum contains facade parts of the plant community in Hattingen.The decommissioned by 1990 coal-fired power plant was on the facade of the portraits of the then Board of VEW.The museum houses the corporate archives of RWE Westfalen-Weser-Ems AG.

Theater backpressure

Founded in 1983 as a song-and street theater group, which others with her ​​music and theatrical revues in the union spectrum in the Ruhr area has made ​​a name.Since the mid-90s independent theater group with the repertoire of contemporary focus politically charged pieces that are in the repertoires of the city theater is not a consideration.In the spring of 2009 at the Ruhr Festival Hall Recklinghausen Horatii had the premiere of Heiner Muller, Brecht in the spring of 2010, the revue is over all the tops of balance, at the Local Heroes Week of RUHR.2010 premiered.Support was the theater productions of back pressure from numerous institutions including the National Association of Socio-Cultural centers funded by the Prime Minister of North Rhine Westphalia.Theater back pressure is a member of the International Society Peter Weiss.

Musical theater

is one of the major theaters of war.The under the auspices of architect Werner Ruhnau building was erected on 15 December 1959 and has since opened venue of many operas and musicals.Since 1997, the MiR is under monument protection.Besides the so-called "Big House" also houses a second, the "Little House".In up to 1008 places offered "big house" held annually about 200 performances.In "Little House" at 325 locations in approximately 120 events are presented.The auditorium is in contrast to the more edgy acting outside elegantly curved and allows a good view from all seats.The musical theater in the district was also filming location for parts of the movie The Miracle of Malachy (1961) by Bernhard Wicki.

   
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