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Vidin is a port town on the southern bank of the Danube in northwestern Bulgaria.It is close to the borders with Serbia and Romania, and is also the administrative centre of Vidin Province, as well as of the Metropolitan of Vidin (since 870).As of February 2011, the town has a population of 47,138 inhabitants.An agricultural and trade centre, Vidin has a fertile hinterland renowned for its wines.Vidin is the westernmost important Bulgarian Danube port and is situated on one of the southernmost sections of the river.A ferryboat complex, linking Vidin with Calafat on the opposite side of the river, is located 2 km from the town.The complex is to be replaced by the Vidin-Calafat Bridge probably in the year 2012.Vidin is the 19th town by population in Bulgaria, but serious demographic problems have been experienced in the area during the last two decades.The number of the residents of the city reached its peak in the period 1988-1991 when exceeded 65,000.The following table presents the change of the population after the liberation of the country in 1878.There are also some Vlachs (Romanians) who live in Vidin and to the north of it.Vidin emerged at the place of an old Celtic settlement known as Dunonia.The name itself meant "fortified hill" with the typically Celtic dun found frequently in Celtic place names.The settlement evolved into an Roman fortified town called Bononia.The town grew into one of the important centres of the province of Upper Moesia, encompassing the territory of modern northwestern Bulgaria and eastern Serbia.Roman rule lasted until 46 AD.When Slavs settled in the area, they called the town Badin or Bdin, where the modern name comes from.
Vidin's main landmark, the Baba Vida fortress, was built in the period from the 10th to the 14th century. In the Middle Ages Vidin used to be an important Bulgarian city, a bishop seat and capital of a large province.Between 971 and 976 the town was the center of Samuil's possessions while his brothers ruled to the south.In 1003 Vidin was seized by Basil II after an eight month siege because of the betrayal of the local bishop. Its importance once again rose during the Second Bulgarian Empire (1185–1396) and its despots were influential figures in the Empire and were on several occasions chosen for Emperors.From the mid 13th century it was ruled by the Shishman family. In 1356, Bulgarian Tsar Ivan Alexander isolated Vidin from the Bulgarian monarchy and appointed his son Ivan Stratsimir (1356–1396) as absolute ruler of Vidin's new city-state - the Tsardom of Vidin (Bdin / Badin).Vidin boasts two well-preserved medieval fortresses, Baba Vida and Kaleto, as well as many old Orthodox churches such as St Pantaleimon, St Petka (both 17th century), and St Greatmartyr Dimitar (Dimitrius) (19th century), The Vidin Synagogue (1894), the Osman Pazvantoğlu mosque and library, the late 18th century Turkish ruler of northwestern Bulgaria, the Krastata Kazarma of 1798, and a number of old Renaissance buildings.Another tourist attraction in the Vidin area is the town of Belogradchik, famous for its unique and impressive rock formations, the Belogradchik Rocks and the medieval Belogradchik Fortress and also the nearby Magura Cave with its beautiful prehistoric cave paintings.In Vidin is a Border-station to neighboring Romania via the Danube river.At the moment it is operated by ferryboats, crossing the river every 1/2 hour with only 5 trucks.Ticket price is EUR 50 per truck and EUR 12 per car.This border point is expected to increase it's attraction with the Danube Bridge 2.It is under construction at the moment and shall start operation in 2013.
Vidin Airport is the closest airport in Vidin, Bulgaria.The airport is referred to by the International Air Transport Association (IATA) using the airport code VID.The code used by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).
In Vidin - Sofia railway section there are 13 railway stations, stops and division posts.Railway Station - Vidin is one of the oldest stations in Bulgaria as its exploitation started in 1923.There is a railroad to GIPS PLC - Koshava, which is only for loads and needs rehabilitation.Part of its roadbed will be used for connecting the Danube Bridge II with the existing infrastructure.A new Border Railway station is designed for freight trains.Reconstruction of the existing passengers railway station is foreseen to service the international and inner passenger traffic.
In Vidin is a Border-station to neighboring Romania via the Danube river.At the moment it is operated by ferryboats, crossing the river every 1/2 hour with only 5 trucks.Ticket price is EUR 50 per truck and EUR 12 per car.This border point is expected to increase it's attraction with the Danube Bridge 2.It is under construction at the moment and shall start operation in 2013.
Baba Vida Fortress
Fortress Baba Vida, located on the banks of the river and surrounded by a moat of water is the main landmark of the city and the only entirely preserved medieval fortress in Bulgaria.Occurs even during the Roman Empire as the seat of a small garrison watchtower around which gradually builds the fortress.Later, local managers are used to feudal castle.According to Evliya Celebi, it was conquered in 1390 during the reign of Bayezid I Evrenos under the leadership of Bey that it destroys the foundation until her back was built in 1475-1476 on the orders of the Sultan personally Bayazid II.The museum, fortress Baba Vida is one hundred tourist site of the SIP.Operates on weekdays from 8:30 to 17:00 and weekends from 9:30 to 17:00.
is a central part of the Regional History Museum in Vidin.Created by Archaeological Society in 1910 , the According to its statutes its purpose is "to seek out, preserve and study the monuments of the past to be preserved in a museum, which is arranged in the town of Vidin."The Company is active, but the wars of 1912 to 1918 , the violate the rhythm of his work.Today the museum complex includes an administrative building and three historic sites the medieval fortress Baba Vida, Museum Konaka and cruciform barracks.In the last two buildings are featured exhibition "Archaeology" History of Bulgaria 15-19 century and Ethnography, the castle has its own museum collection.The building was built in the second half of the 18th century was later substantially modified.Probably the first floor was taking in two directions intersecting at right angles in the middle.The central part is rising tower room - watch the fire guard.The Turks used the building for the police department and to the 1870s years it settled Bulgarian church community.After the Liberation was reconstructed as it is inserted elements of Bulgarian National Revival architecture.Since 1956 the building was converted to a museum whose exposures cover the period until 1878.
Vladimir Trandafilov Drama Theatre
is located in the town of Vidin, in Garden City at Street.In 1879 in Vidin is based Charity theater company Vida.The first performances were in the so-called "National Cafe" Boyar in the neighborhood.The building of the Theatre "Vida" was built in 1891 with funds collected by the building of the Theatre Fund Vida, founded in 1887 by an initiative committee.This is the first building built in our country on the European model specifically for theater needs a spacious lounge, ground floor, boxes and galleries, big stage, orchestral and glazed roof.Today Vidin Drama Theatre has a wide repertoire of performances and exports its 2 seasons a year on stage and own the summer scene in the castle "Baba Vida".Participated in several international theater festivals - Serbia, Romania, Moldova.
Vidin Puppet Theatre
is a Puppet theater in Vidin is located on "Shopping" No. 4.Established in 1975 to the Cultural Center "Color." In 1981 obtained the status of the Puppet Theatre and became a division of togavayuniya Committee for culture, inherited from the Ministry of Culture.Since 2000, the passes a joint funding from Vidin and the Ministry of Culture.Currently 24 people theater work. acting group of 9 people, has its own director, has art studios, technical staff and administration.Its repertoire focuses mainly on the child audience, but play and performances for adults.Year take place 3-4 new productions, in their game posted Vidin Theatre supports 10-12 titles.During the year, played 200 performances in the city and its environs, as well as appropriate stages in the country.Artistic trends of the means of expression balancing troupe of puppet show stage with a live game.Of Vidin scene can be seen performances from all genres performing, artists work with different systems dolls, as keen and enduring interest in the theater of shadows.The theater has won many prestigious awards including: First Prize of the National Academy Dollhouse "Kuklar-95" Special Jury Prize at the International Puppet Festival in Botosani, Romania (1996) Award for Best Ensemble at the International Puppet Festival in Subotica, Yugoslavia (1997), Prize of the Dutch Embassy and the Dutch Foundation "East-West Project" at the International Puppet Festival "Two are few, three are" Plovdiv - (1999 and 2000), most hagrada "Best spektatal "Award for directing, production design and 3 acting awards for the role of Petrushka in the show" Memory of Petrushka "International Puppet Festival in Subotica (2001).
There is an established historical character and unique layout. Decisions is in landscape style, which harmoniously fit bosketnite chemshirite forms (typical in shape for Austrian baroque parks). This peculiar mix of styles - landscape (bearing of an English park with alternating open and closed spaces, where it relies on the effect of tree groups and meadows) and bosketnite baroque forms of bushes, creating harmony and brings his skills to a new style can be described as typical Bulgarian.The construction of the Danube garden is in 4 stages: from 1878 to 1899, the 1911 to 1928, the 1928 to 1939 on (when the territory covered by Telegraph peppers) and 1960 (the fortress "Baba Vida"). The park has significant architectural monuments (Theatre "Vida" and zhamiyata Pazvantoglu Library, Telegraph pepper, Turkish-mail, Baba Vida fortress), archaeological (the route of the Roman wall), memorial sites, preserved scenic and visual points, creating a visual contact environmental architectural framework and the Danube, many places for entertainment and relaxation.
Cross Barracks Museum
is part of the museum complex in Vidin.It is "Kniaz Boris I" No. 26.Cross barracks was built in 1801 , the the place where it is located before the garden of the Old Palace (Palace of grazing). Used for Konak of Janissaries (house of the Aga of the Janissaries). Covered wooden bridge built connecting it to the next weapon shop. After the Liberation serves as a court and barracks of the Bulgarian army .The building of the Cross is a massive barracks, two in the form of equal-armed cross with an area of 1260 m 2. Each wing has a corridor planning scheme in different location of the premises. There is some initial distribution inside the building as it is changed several times according to the requirements of new services. Stairs connecting the two levels are also reconstructed many times and not known to their original location and type. Basement walls and floors are built of stone and bricks of sand-lime solution.In the interior of the barracks especially impressive are the four pillars with cut corners, gallery, underlined monumentality of central level, decided over two floors. Chassis line is naturally directed towards four opposite located at the two-storey corridors. The central core is one of the most impressive parts of the building.
Nikola Petrov Art Gallery
is a art gallery was founded in 1961.It consists of three sections Painting, Graphics and Sculpture, containing over 1,300 works of Bulgarian and foreign artists.Exhibition is housed in a beautiful building of the former Military Club, erected in 1892 by the architectural engineer Thomas (Todor) Varhota on the foundations of an old pepper (fortified gate) and declared a cultural monument.The first exhibits in its fund are works of art purchased from the collections of Michael Kremen and Bogomil Rainov and works created during a specially organized in 1962 by the municipality of Vidin and the Vidin branch of UBA sessions in which artists express the whole the country.Among participants in the forum stand out the names of Stoyan Venev, Dragomir Draganov, Ivan Hristov, Ilia Petrov and Alexander Poplilov.
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